The knowledge is made available by the collaboration between the African Initiative for Combating Desertification to Strengthen Resilience to Climate Change in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa (AI-CD), the International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), its partners and the CGIAR.
We use Monitoring, Evaluation & Learning (MEL) to bring up useful information, the collaborative online platform for knowledge employed by five CGIAR Research Centers and three Research Programs – ICARDA, CIP, IITA, ICRAF, WorldFish, ICRISAT, GLDC, RTB, FISH – to manage their activities and results. The knowledge shared in partnership with the AI-CD is indicative of the research for development efforts made by the Centers with the aim of improving livelihoods and ecosystems services, enhancing local capacities, support gender equality and endorse the role of youth in transforming the African countries.
To access the knowledge in full, please visit MEL (https://mel.cgiar.org/).
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A review of the performance of fish seed systems in Africa
Globally, fish is one of the most important sources of animal protein and a key source of livelihood. In Africa, fish production has significantly increased in recent years, but the proportion of fish production relative to other regions is extremely low. In most African countries, the aquaculture sector is poorly developed. With a lack o...
Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Didymella rabiei Affecting Chickpea in Ethiopia
Ascochyta blight, also known as chickpea blight, which is caused by the fungal pathogen, Didymella rabiei, is an important disease affecting chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in many countries. We studied the genetic diversity and population structure of 96 D. rabiei isolates collected from three geographic populations in Ethiopia using simpl...
Subterranean Microbiome Affiliations of Plantain (Musa spp.) Under Diverse Agroecologies of Western and Central Africa
Plantain (Musa spp.) is a staple food crop and an important source of income for millions of smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, there is a paucity of knowledge on soil microbial diversity in agroecologies where plantains are grown. Microbial diversity that increases plant performance with multi-trophic interactions ...
Can a cash crop be a women’s crop?: Examining gender norms, relations and equity around lentil commercialization in Ethiopia
The potential benefits that women and men may experience with the commercialization of subsistence-crops depend on gender norms and relations. In sub-Saharan Africa, crop commercialization has been shown to often have unequal outcomes for women and men due to pre-existing social hierarchies and norms around farm roles, asset ownership, co...
SKiM Mid-Term Evaluation Report - Presentation and Video Presentation
The objectives of the Midterm Evaluation (MTE) are to: - Appraise the activities and outputs achieved by ICARDA and partners. - Identify and assess outcomes of the project. - Identify the enablers and/or constraints to the attainment of project results and lessons learned. - Make practical recommendations for corrective action required t...
GIFT transfer risk management: Genetics. Genetic risk analysis and recommended risk management plan for the transfer of GIFT (Oreochromis niloticus) from Malaysia to Nigeria
This report is a genetic risk analysis of introducing Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) in Nigeria for aquaculture purposes. It was conducted following the guidance of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea’s Code of Practice for the Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms (ICES Code) as well as the ...
GIFT transfer risk management: Pathogen. Pathogen risk analysis and recommended risk management plan for transferring GIFT (Oreochromis niloticus) from Malaysia to Nigeria.
The proposal to transfer Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) to Nigeria is characterized by a number of risk management measures that WorldFish has already implemented. WorldFish has also proposed additional biosecurity measures in its transfer plan and in the draft of a prospectus for transfer risk management. This document recom...
GIFT transfer risk management: Ecology. Ecology risk analysis and recommended risk management plan for the transfer of GIFT (Oreochromis niloticus) from Malaysia to Nigeria
The ecological and environmental risk analysis of the proposed transfer from Malaysia to Nigeria is based on the guidelines given in the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea’s Code of Practice for the Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms (ICES Code). This risk analysis is exclusively based on information gl...
Guidelines for managing the risks of introductions and transfers of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT)
It is evident that the increasing role of GIFT in future global fish supplies will increase GIFT introductions or transfers to more countries and territories in the coming years. Therefore, these risk management guidelines have been prepared to help move GIFT into any country or territory where risk analysis shows minimal risks using t...
Distribution and identification of luteovirids affecting chickpea in Sudan
In Sudan yellowing viruses are key production constraints in pulse crops. Field surveys were carried out to identify luteovirids affecting chickpea crops in the major production regions (Gezira Scheme and River Nile State). A total of 415 chickpea plant samples with yellowing and stunting symptoms were collected during the 2013, 2015 and ...
Quick protocol for antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) in aquatic animal species from aquaculture and fisheries
Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) happens when microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites are able to resist the inhibition or killing effects of medicines used to treat the infections they cause, making drugs ineffective and microorganisms resistant. The misuse or, overuse of antibiotics to treat bacterial infections affe...
Effects of pressure and temperature on the physico-chemical properties and acrylamide formation of starchy banana chips during the post-frying centrifuge step
The effects of pressure (21.3, 41.3, 61.3, 81.3, and 101.3 kPa) and temperature (174–184 °C) applied during the post-frying centrifuge stage on the physico-chemical characteristics of atmospheric fried plantain chips were studied. Results showed that the surface temperature dropped very fast during the cooling process while the total o...
ICARDA Annual Report 2020
2020 was a year full of challenges. Between COVID-19 and the intensifying impact of the climate crisis, farmers faced unprecedented threats and obstacles to their livelihoods, particularly in vulnerable dry regions. Thanks to the fantastic support of all our donors, CGIAR partners, and in-country stakeholders, ICARDA made great progress ...
Do Nutrition Education Approaches With Preschoolers and Their Caregivers Influence Retention of Biofortified Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato on Farms? Evidence From Homa Bay County, Kenya
Background: Biofortified staples have been promoted widely in sub-Saharan Africa to combat micronutrient deficiencies. Contemporary projects are increasingly using elementary schools to target households with these foods. Objective: This study assessed the effects of integrated nutrition education approaches, targeting preschoolers and th...
SKiM - Project Portfolio Brief
Knowledge is recognized as a foundamental asset to deliver impact and ensure continuity of research for development efforts. Knowledge Management applies to all domains of knowledge, ranging from information products and publications to practical know-how and indiginous lore. Knowledge sharing with and transfer to public institutions, as ...
SKiM Knowledge Management Symposium
The Sudan National Technical Committee agreed on a two-day symposium, revolving around Smart Agriculture, Role of ICT in Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services, Communication and Facilitation Skills, Value Chain, Gender Role and Knowledge Sharing, Pandemic and ICT (risk mitigation measures based on KM best practices).