The knowledge is made available by the collaboration between the African Initiative for Combating Desertification to Strengthen Resilience to Climate Change in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa (AI-CD), the International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), its partners and the CGIAR.
We use Monitoring, Evaluation & Learning (MEL) to bring up useful information, the collaborative online platform for knowledge employed by five CGIAR Research Centers and three Research Programs – ICARDA, CIP, IITA, ICRAF, WorldFish, ICRISAT, GLDC, RTB, FISH – to manage their activities and results. The knowledge shared in partnership with the AI-CD is indicative of the research for development efforts made by the Centers with the aim of improving livelihoods and ecosystems services, enhancing local capacities, support gender equality and endorse the role of youth in transforming the African countries.
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Application of Ultrasonography in Sheep and Goat Reproduction
The advanced course on the applications of ultrasonography in sheep and goats was targeted towards site-level coordinators of the different community-based breeding programs in Ethiopia. The training was aimed at capacitating the target trainees on the use of ultrasonography to monitor reproduction in sheep and goats
Participatory Selection of Context Specific Soil and Water Conservation Practices for Northern Nigeria
ICARDA in close partnership with the Climate Change Adaptation and Agribusiness Support Programme (CASP) of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Nigeria (FMARD), worked towards mainstreaming climate adaptation measures through landscape rehabilitation efforts in seven States. These include Borno, Yobe, Jigawa, Kats...
Mapping breeds to appropriate production environments: a case study of Ethiopian indigenous sheep and goats
Environmental suitability analysis is an important step in planning livestock development activities because of its efficiency to allocate improved and new livestock breeds to their most appropriate habitats for optimal production while minimizing adverse effects on the environment. This study used geoinformatics based spatial analytical ...
Towards Identifying Context-Specific Soil and Water Conservation Practices and Water Harvesting Systems for the Sanannah Belt of Nothern Nigeria: A Matrix of Options
In the savannah belt of Northern Nigeria, ICARDA is supporting the CASP Programme (Climate Change Adaptation and Agribusiness Support of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Nigeria) in identifying and implementing location-specific, effective and innovative soil and water conservation (SWC) and water harvesting (W...
Community-based sheep breeding programs generated substantial genetic gains and socio-economic benefits
In small ruminants, Community-based breeding programs (CBBPs) have been suggested as an alternative to centralized government-controlled breeding schemes which were implemented in many developing countries. An innovative methodological framework on how to design, implement and sustain CBBPs was tested in three sites/breeds (Bonga, Horro a...
Impact of the adoption of improved varieties on the well being of women producers in the district of Falwel, Sherken Hausa and Tera in Niger
In literature on gender development issues, investigators on improved technologies and designers of development programs have been widely criticized for not only underestimating the real needs and role of women, but also the effect of these actions to female agricultural producers. This study examines the effect of improved groundnut and ...
Community-based sheep breeding programs in Ethiopia generated substantial genetic gains and socio-economic benefits
In small ruminants, Community-based breeding programs (CBBPs) have been suggested as an alternative to centralized government-controlled breeding schemes which were implemented in many developing countries. An innovative methodological framework on how to design, implement and sustain CBBPs was tested in three sites/breeds (Bonga, Hor...
Genome-wide scans identify novel and known genomic regions affecting fertility in Bonga sheep - a prolific sub-Saharan African sheep
Maximizing the number of offspring born per female (reproductive efficiency/success), is an important trait in the livestock industry that is closely associated with fertility traits. However, fertility is a complicated trait, and little is known about the regions of the genome influencing it in most livestock species. We conducted a sele...
Genome-wide analysis reveals fine scale population structure in the thin-tailed Sudanese Desert sheep
Currently found in North and West Africa, the thin-tailed sheep were the earliest to be introduced into the continent and therefore represent the most primitive sheep in Africa. Although they are categorized into different breeds/populations within which there are several ecotypes and strains, their genetic distinctness remains poorly und...
Genetic progress and economic benefit of sheep community-based breeding programmes out- and up-scaling options in Ethiopia
The expected genetic progress and economic benefit from implementing three sheep Community Based Breeding Programme (CBBP) out- and up-scaling strategies were investigated. Strategy 1 is to replicate average existing CBBPs, Strategy 2 is to increase the number of breeding males produced by average CBBPs and Strategy 3 is to intensify the...
Goats in North Kordofan Sudan: Production systems, Production characteristics and Breeding Objectives
This report presents the findings of a study conducted for the International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). The overall objective was to describe the production systems, characterization of the population and defining breeding objectives of the goat breeds and populations in North Kordofan, Sudan.
Participatory identification of breeding objective traits and selection criteria for indigenous goat of the pastoral communities in Ethiopia
Structured questionnaire, own-flock rankings and group discussions were undertaken to assess goat breeding practices and to identify traits of interest for genetic improvement of pastoral goats. Four pastoral villages in Ethiopia namely Jarso, Mesoya, Eleweya and Dharito were selected purposely based on their goat production potential and...
Community-Based Breeding Programs (CBBP) sites map and spatial data for goats in Ethiopia and Tanzania
CBBP (community-based breeding programs) sites map and Spatial location for goats in Ethiopia and Tanzania. This is part of a Brazilian-funded project on establishing and scaling goat breeding programs in East Africa. The map shows 3 CBBP’s main locations, Sekota and Konso respectively in North and South Ethiopia and Kilimanjaro in Nort...
Follicular and endocrine basis for high litter size in Bonga sheep
This is a drafted paper aiming at characterizing and comparing follicular dynamics, ovulatory response and luteal activity during the follicular and the luteal phases in synchronized Bonga sheep with different records for litter size.
2019 Annual review and planning meeting of BASICS project
The BASICS Annual Review and Planning Meeting (ARPM) 2019 was held in IITA Headquarters in Ibadan, Nigeria from 11-13 March 2019. The Meeting was attended by around 70 participants from Nigeria and several other countries. The participants included breeders, food and crop scientists, project managers, national policy experts, R&D managers...
Impact Assessment of Chickpea Research and Development in Ethiopia
The climatic conditions in Ethiopia make it very suitable for growing chickpeas. Chickpea is widely grown across the highlands and semi-arid regions of Ethiopia and serves as a multi-purpose crop. The country is also considered as the secondary centre of diversity for chickpea. It has a major role in the daily diet of the rural community ...
Guidelines for Setting up Community-based Small Ruminants Breeding Programs in Ethiopia: Second Edition
These guidelines are designed for all those involved in planning and implementing sheep and goat breeding activities with resource-poor farmers in developing countries. This includes research centers, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), farmers’ associations and livestock development projects and government extension officials.