The knowledge is made available by the collaboration between the African Initiative for Combating Desertification to Strengthen Resilience to Climate Change in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa (AI-CD), the International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), its partners and the CGIAR.
We use Monitoring, Evaluation & Learning (MEL) to bring up useful information, the collaborative online platform for knowledge employed by five CGIAR Research Centers and three Research Programs – ICARDA, CIP, IITA, ICRAF, WorldFish, ICRISAT, GLDC, RTB, FISH – to manage their activities and results. The knowledge shared in partnership with the AI-CD is indicative of the research for development efforts made by the Centers with the aim of improving livelihoods and ecosystems services, enhancing local capacities, support gender equality and endorse the role of youth in transforming the African countries.
To access the knowledge in full, please visit MEL (https://mel.cgiar.org/).
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Impacts of COVID-19 on aquatic food supply chains in Nigeria February – November 2020
We conducted a bi-weekly phone survey with fish supply chain actors in Nigeria to assess impacts of COVID-19 on the availability and price of aquatic foods and production inputs. Respondents answered questions about their activity during the months of February and November 2020. The sample totaled 95 respondents, comprised of the followin...
Sustainable food production in Africa: turning African Countries into development catalysts, food reservoirs and exporters
The myriad of challenges facing Africa, were considered in this paper, which include the nagging triplet problems of poverty, hunger and diseases. Africa is prominent in the world hunger map of Food and Agriculture Organization. Therefore, this paper identified poorly tapped natural and human resources, uneconomically viable policies and ...
Genetic parameters, prediction, and selection in a white Guinea yam early‐generation breeding population using pedigree information
Better understanding of the genetic control of traits in breeding populations is crucial for the selection of superior varieties and parents. This study aimed to assess genetic parameters and breeding values for six essential traits in a white Guinea yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir.) breeding population. For this, pedigree‐based best line...
Improved sheep fattening with youth entrepreneurship focus results in improved beneficiary incomes and fatter sheep
Youth increased the fattening weights of rams from 56-122g/day to 94-198g/day (44-67%) and were able to sell sheep at a higher price, from ETB 1200-2500 to ETB 2200-4000 (45-70%) after receiving training on improved sheep practices and entrepreneurship, and a basic start-up package. These youth went on to influence farmers in their commun...
Diet crisis in Africa’s low income urban zones but transition to nutritious foods possible
There are two compelling reasons for this shift. First, urban dwellers in Africa often have higher rates of malnutrition than their rural counterparts and, second, urban centres are large consumers of food produced in rural areas and in the process are altering the producing areas, sometimes beyond recognition. ‘Cities are changing our ...
Quality attributes of fufu in South‐East Nigeria: guide for cassava breeders
Fufu is a popular traditional fermented wet paste food product from cassava. We examined consumer preferences and quality attributes of fufu in Abia and Imo States of South‐East Nigeria, with special attention to gender differences, for the purpose of providing guidance to breeders. Data were analysed by the use of descriptive and infer...
Understanding cassava varietal preferences through pairwise ranking of gari-eba and fufu prepared by local farmer–processors
Within communities in Osun and Imo States of Nigeria, farmer–processors grew and processed a diverse set of improved and landrace cassava varieties into the locally popular foods, gari, eba and fufu. Local and 15 main varieties were grown in a ‘mother and baby trials’ design in each state. Mother trials with three replications were ...
Analysis of consumer‐oriented quality characteristics of raw and boiled plantains in Cameroon: implication for breeding
This study aimed at understanding users’ demand for raw and boiled plantains in rural and urban areas in West and Littoral regions of Cameroon. Surveys conducted in eight rural localities consisted of key informant interviews, gender‐disaggregated focus group discussions, market and individual interviews. Processing and cooking diagno...
Review of varietal change in roots, tubers and bananas: consumer preferences and other drivers of adoption and implications for breeding
This review of the literature on varietal change in sub‐Saharan Africa looks in detail at adoption of new varieties of bananas in Uganda, cassava in Nigeria, potato in Kenya, sweetpotato in Uganda and yams in Côte d’Ivoire. The review explored three hypotheses about drivers of varietal change. There was a strong confirmation for the ...
Templates for certification of rams and bucks selected in Community- Based Breeding Programs (CBBP)
This document compiles the examination templates and the certificates used for rams' and bucks' certification in the framework of the community-based breeding programs. The templates are exemplified for the sheep sites of Bonga, Menz and Doyogena and the goat site of Abergelle/Sekota.
Strengthening Sheep fattening Communities of Practice in Ethiopia: Laying down revised strategies
ICARDA launched CoPs in 2019 with the intention to engage diverse stakeholders in livestock activities to sustainability support scaling of improved market-oriented sheep fattening (SF) practices and technologies in the highlands of Ethiopia. The 2020 workshop was the second of a planned series of annual stakeholder consultations that bri...
Entrepreneurship Skills and Business Development Training Manual_Amharic
This manual is developed with the aim of building the capacity of organized youth and women groups in order to effectively plan, organize, lead, implement, monitor and evaluate their business activities in Keficho language
Preference and willingness to pay for small ruminant market facilities – Discrete choice experiment data
The data described in this brief were collected in 2018 as part of a national study to elicit preferences and estimate willingness to pay (WTP) for small ruminant market facilities in Ethiopia. We employed multistage sampling method to identify respondents. First, Menz Gishe area was selected from North Shewa administrative zone for its h...