The knowledge is made available by the collaboration between the African Initiative for Combating Desertification to Strengthen Resilience to Climate Change in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa (AI-CD), the International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), its partners and the CGIAR.
We use Monitoring, Evaluation & Learning (MEL) to bring up useful information, the collaborative online platform for knowledge employed by five CGIAR Research Centers and three Research Programs – ICARDA, CIP, IITA, ICRAF, WorldFish, ICRISAT, GLDC, RTB, FISH – to manage their activities and results. The knowledge shared in partnership with the AI-CD is indicative of the research for development efforts made by the Centers with the aim of improving livelihoods and ecosystems services, enhancing local capacities, support gender equality and endorse the role of youth in transforming the African countries.
To access the knowledge in full, please visit MEL (https://mel.cgiar.org/).
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Strategy, funding, monitoring and learning @ ICARDA-CGIAR
Presentation to the Third Sahel Regional Forum organized by “African Initiative for Combating Desertification to Strengthen Resilience to Climate Change in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa (AI-CD)”. Elements of M&E and Knowledge Management to support effective resource mobilization and strategic approach.
Assessment of existing and potential feed resources for improving aquaculture production in selected Asian and African countries
This report provides a comprehensive assessment of existing and potential feed resources for improving aquaculture productivity in Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malaysia, Egypt, Nigeria and Zambia. These countries depend heavily on imports for their supply of quality feed ingredients. The viability and feasibility of ingredients for aquafeed produ...
Dietary administration of probiotics modulates non-specific immunity and gut microbiota of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) cultured in low input ponds
Poor culture conditions in low input ponds make fish highly susceptible to infectious pathogens which lead to diseases and mortalities yet the effects of probiotics on immunity, gut microbiota and microbiological quality of fish in low input ponds are unknown. Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings (40 g) were randomly stocked at...
WorldFish Annual Report 2018
In 2018, WorldFish made notable progress toward our ambition to position fish firmly at the heart of discourse, policy and practice currently shaping the global thinking on transforming food systems, paying closer attention to nutrition and healthier diets and informing the path toward an inclusive and sustainable blue economy. Our achiev...
Policy-induced price distortions along the small ruminant value chains in Ethiopia
The purpose of this paper is to identify sources and quantifying distortions to agricultural incentives to produce along the small ruminant value chains in Ethiopia. Design/methodology/approach National and district level average nominal rate of protection (NRPs) were computed for a five-year period (2010–2015). The authors developed f...
Understanding farmers’ preference for traits of chickens in rural Ethiopia
Traditional poultry production plays an irreplaceable role in the sustenance of liveli- hoods in rural Ethiopia. Ironically, however, much has been done to replace indigenous poultry breeds with exotic genetic resources regardless of the importance produc- ers and consumers attach to attributes of the resources. This study aims at informi...
Estimating the economic value of climate services for strengthening resilience of smallholder farmers to climate risks in Ethiopia: A choice experiment approach
This study estimated the economic value of agricultural climate services for strengthening the resilience of smallholder farmers to climate variability and risks in Ethiopia. Using a choice experiment approach, the study introduced a hypothetical package of improved climate services to 600 randomly selected smallholder farmers in three di...
Community‐based breeding programmes are a viable solution for Ethiopian small ruminant genetic improvement but require public and private investment
Ethiopia has a large and diverse population of small ruminants, which contribute substantially to the livelihood and income of the rural poor and the country at large. However, the sector faces a number of challenges. Productivity per animal and flock offtake are both very low. Reasons attributed for the apparent low productivity are as f...
Application of Ultrasonography in Sheep and Goat Reproduction
The advanced course on the applications of ultrasonography in sheep and goats was targeted towards site-level coordinators of the different community-based breeding programs in Ethiopia. The training was aimed at capacitating the target trainees on the use of ultrasonography to monitor reproduction in sheep and goats
Mapping breeds to appropriate production environments: a case study of Ethiopian indigenous sheep and goats
Environmental suitability analysis is an important step in planning livestock development activities because of its efficiency to allocate improved and new livestock breeds to their most appropriate habitats for optimal production while minimizing adverse effects on the environment. This study used geoinformatics based spatial analytical ...
Dataset on weight gains inside community-based sheep breeding programs in Ethiopia between 2009 and 2018
In small ruminants, Community-based breeding programs (CBBPs) have been suggested as an alternative to centralized government-controlled breeding schemes which were implemented in many developing countries. An innovative methodological framework on how to design, implement and sustain CBBPs was tested in three sites/breeds (Bonga, Horro a...
Impact of the adoption of improved varieties on the well being of women producers in the district of Falwel, Sherken Hausa and Tera in Niger
In literature on gender development issues, investigators on improved technologies and designers of development programs have been widely criticized for not only underestimating the real needs and role of women, but also the effect of these actions to female agricultural producers. This study examines the effect of improved groundnut and ...
Community-based sheep breeding programs in Ethiopia generated substantial genetic gains and socio-economic benefits
In small ruminants, Community-based breeding programs (CBBPs) have been suggested as an alternative to centralized government-controlled breeding schemes which were implemented in many developing countries. An innovative methodological framework on how to design, implement and sustain CBBPs was tested in three sites/breeds (Bonga, Hor...
Genome-wide scans identify novel and known genomic regions affecting fertility in Bonga sheep - a prolific sub-Saharan African sheep
Maximizing the number of offspring born per female (reproductive efficiency/success), is an important trait in the livestock industry that is closely associated with fertility traits. However, fertility is a complicated trait, and little is known about the regions of the genome influencing it in most livestock species. We conducted a sele...
Genome-wide analysis reveals fine scale population structure in the thin-tailed Sudanese Desert sheep
Currently found in North and West Africa, the thin-tailed sheep were the earliest to be introduced into the continent and therefore represent the most primitive sheep in Africa. Although they are categorized into different breeds/populations within which there are several ecotypes and strains, their genetic distinctness remains poorly und...
Genetic progress and economic benefit of sheep community-based breeding programmes out- and up-scaling options in Ethiopia
The expected genetic progress and economic benefit from implementing three sheep Community Based Breeding Programme (CBBP) out- and up-scaling strategies were investigated. Strategy 1 is to replicate average existing CBBPs, Strategy 2 is to increase the number of breeding males produced by average CBBPs and Strategy 3 is to intensify the...
Goats in North Kordofan Sudan: Production systems, Production characteristics and Breeding Objectives
This report presents the findings of a study conducted for the International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). The overall objective was to describe the production systems, characterization of the population and defining breeding objectives of the goat breeds and populations in North Kordofan, Sudan.